Saturday, December 31, 2011

What India searched in 2011

How the India Searched. What mattered in 2011? Zeitgeist sorted billions of Google searches to capture the year's 10 fastest-rising queries and the rest of the spirit of 2011.

Google announced their Zeitgeist of 2011. Google discloses the spirit through the aggregation of millions of users search queries and it takes it as hot trends in every day. Every Year Google releasing the whole year top searches list in raking wise as the name of Google Zeitgeist.

InIndia, Google published the 6 categories of searches such as Fast rising searches, Fast rising People, Top Searches, People, Movies and News.

The first 10 most searching keywords in 2011 are follows

1. Ipl1. Katrina Kaif
2. World Cup 20112. Anna Hazare
3. Cbse Result 20113. Salman Khan
4. Diwali4. Poonam Pandey
5. Lokpal Bill5. Justin Bieber
6. Japan Earthquake6. Aishwarya Rai
7. Aadhar Card7. Sachin Tendulkar
8. Osama Bin Laden8. Kareena Kapoor
9. Pakistan9. Steve Jobs
10. F110. Priyanka Chopra
MoviesTop Searches
1. Bodyguard1. Facebook
2. Ra One2. Youtube
3. Harry Potter3. Gmail
4. Delhi Belly4. Yahoomail
5. Singham5. Google
6. Ready6. Yahoo
7. Mankatha7. Irctc
8. Transformers 38. Rediffmail
9. Dookudu9. Indian Railways
10. Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara10. Way2sms

Tuesday, December 20, 2011

Story behind famous brand names

Googol misspelled as google
A googol is equivalent to a 1 followed by 100 zeros. When Larry Page and Sean Anderson came up with the name, Sean misspelled it as Google when seeing if the domain was available. Another report claims that Andy Bechtolsheim, co-founder of Sun Microsystems and Google’s first investor, misspelled the name on his $100,000 investment check.

Bill Gates named Microsoft from two words: “Microcomputer” and “Software”. In year 1975, Bill Gates wrote a letter to his colleague Paul Allen, he wrote as Micro-Soft. But in 1976 they registered the name Microsoft as a single name.

Short for San Francisco where the company was founded.

Hotmail is based on HTML and the company wanted to give it a name that will sound like HTML and have the word “mail” at the end. They finally selected the name “HoTMaiL”, but later changed the word casing and made it “Hotmail”.

Adobe is the name of a river. One of the founders of Adobe, John Nack, lives in Los Altas in California. This river runs behind his house. This is how Adobe got its name.

Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard 
Named after their founders, Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard. They tossed a coin to determine if the company would be named Hewlett-Packard or Packard-Hewlett. Packard won the coin toss but chose to leave it as Hewlett-Packard.

Originally Sky-Peer-to Peer, then Skyper, and finally Skype.

A combination of the words veritas, the Latin word for truth, and horizon, signifying forward-looking and visionary.

Dee Hock, Visa’s founder, believed that the word would be instantly recognizable by many languages and universally accepted by many countries.

Yahoo! –Coined by Jonathan Swift in his book Gulliver’s Travels, a yahoo (short for yahooligan) is a repulsive, filthy creature.

Thursday, December 15, 2011

Can you identify this

This is a hard disk made by IBM in 1956. Its Capacity just 5MB.

IBM 305 disk storage unit

In September 1956 IBM launched the 305 RAMAC, the  first SUPER COMPUTER with a hard disk drive (HDD). The HDD weighed over a tonne and stored 5 MB of data.

Introduced in 1956, the IBM 305 RAMAC (Random Access Memory Accounting System) was an electronic general purpose data processing machine that maintained business records on a real-time basis. The 305 RAMAC was one of the last vacuum tube systems designed by IBM.

System Unit

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Bill Gates Arrested

Can you ever imagine today’s billionaire, world’s richest man and now greatest philanthropist person Bill Gates has gone to jail?

Bill Gates, Chairman and CEO of Microsoft (Retired), and the richest man in the world at over $50 Billion net worth, arrested in New Mexico 1977.

He was arrested for speeding in his Porsche car without a license and again in 1989 for suspicion of drunk driving.

Monday, December 12, 2011

Linux Commands - Funny

cat, cut, find,free, head,kill, man,nice, paste,sleep,tail, touch, watch , who - What is this!!
Linux is a Unix-like computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open source software development and distribution. Nowadays, Linux commonly using in Desktop machines as well as Servers.  Lots of commands are available in Linux for sysem use. Most of them can easily remember to a normal user. Some of the interesting commands in Linux as shown here.
catConcatenate files and print on the standard output
clearClear terminal screen
cutDivide a file into several parts
dateDisplay or change the date & time
echoDisplay message on screen
ejectEject CD-ROM
expandConvert tabs to spaces
factorPrint prime factors
findSearch for files that meet a desired criteria
foldWrap text to fit a specified width
formatFormat disks or tapes
freeDisplay memory usage
headOutput the first part of file(s)
joinJoin lines on a common field
killStop a process from running
lessDisplay output one screen at a time
manHelp manual
niceSet the priority of a command or job
pasteMerge lines of files
screenTerminal window manager
selectAccept keyboard input
sleepDelay for a specified time
sortSort text files
splitSplit a file into fixed-size pieces
tailOutput the last part of files
testEvaluate a conditional expression
timeMeasure Program Resource Use
touchChange file timestamps
topList processes running on the system
watchExecute/display a program periodically
whereisReport all known instances of a command
whichLocate a program file in the user's path
whoPrint all usernames currently logged in
whoamiPrint the current user id and name (`id -un')
yesPrint a string until interrupted

Friday, December 9, 2011

Firefox Shortcut Keys

Firefox is one of the most using browser in internet world.

In Mozilla Firefox, you can use the combination of different keyboard keys to accomplish your routine task. With shortcut keys, you can speed up your surfing without lifting your hands from the keys; otherwise require a conventional mouse to select menus and buttons options. Basically keyboard shortcuts keys help you to save time and you can perform any tasks without leaving the keyboard keys.


Command Shortcut
Back Alt + ← or
Forward Alt + → or
Shift + Backspace
Home Alt + Home
Open File Ctrl + O
Reload F5 or
Ctrl + R
Reload (override cache) Ctrl + F5 or
Ctrl + Shift + R
Stop Esc.

Current Page

Command Shortcut
Go to Bottom of Page End
Go to Top of Page Home
Move to Next Frame F6
Move to Previous Frame Shift + F6
Print Ctrl + P
Save Page As Ctrl + S
Zoom In Ctrl + +
Zoom Out Ctrl + -
Zoom Reset Ctrl + 0


FindCtrl + F
Find Again F3 or
Ctrl + G
Find Previous Shift + F3 or
Ctrl + Shift + G
Quick Find within link-text only'
Quick Find/


Command Shortcut
Complete .com Address Ctrl + Enter
Complete .net Address Shift + Enter
Complete .org Address Ctrl + Shift + Enter
Delete Selected Autocomplete Entry Del
Toggle Full Screen F11
Help F1
Toggle Menu Bar (when hidden) Alt
F10Alt (KDE)
Show/Hide Add-on Bar Ctrl +
Select Location Bar F6 or
Alt + D or
Ctrl + L


Command Shortcut
Bookmark All Tabs Ctrl + Shift + D
Bookmark This Page Ctrl + D
Bookmarks sidebar Ctrl + B
Ctrl + I
Library window (Bookmarks) Ctrl + Shift + B

Windows & Tabs

Command Shortcut
Close Tab Ctrl + W
Ctrl + F4
Close Window Ctrl + Shift + W
Alt + F4
Move Tab in focus Left Ctrl + ←
Ctrl + ↑
Move Tab in focus Right Ctrl + →
Ctrl + ↓
Move Tab in focus to start Ctrl + Home
Move Tab in focus to end Ctrl + End
New Tab Ctrl + T
New Window Ctrl + N
Next Tab Ctrl + Tab or
Ctrl + Page Down
Open Address in New Tab Alt + Enter (from Location Bar or Search Bar)
Previous Tab Ctrl + Shift + Tab or
Ctrl + Page Up
Undo Close Tab Ctrl + Shift + T
Undo Close Window Ctrl + Shift + N
Select Tab 1 to 8 Ctrl + 1 to 8

Thursday, December 8, 2011

Windows key keyboard shortcuts

Below is a listing of Windows keys that can be used on computers running a Microsoft Windows operating system and using a keyboard with a Windows key. In the below list of shortcuts, the Windows key is represented by "WINKEY".

Shortcut KeysDescription
WINKEYPressing the Windows key alone will open Start.
WINKEY + F1Opens the Microsoft Windows help and support center.
WINKEY + F3Opens the Advanced find window in Microsoft Outlook.
WINKEY + D Brings the desktop to the top of all other windows.
WINKEY + MMinimizes all windows.
WINKEY + SHIFT + MUndo the minimize done by WINKEY + M and WINKEY + D.
WINKEY + EOpen Microsoft Explorer.
WINKEY + TabCycle through open programs through the taskbar.
WINKEY + FDisplay the Windows Search / Find feature.
WINKEY + CTRL + F Display the search for computers window.
WINKEY + ROpen the run window.
WINKEY + Pause / Break key Open the system properties window.
WINKEY + UOpen Utility Manager.
WINKEY + LLock the computer and switch users if needed (Windows XP and above only).
WINKEY + PQuickly change between monitor display types. (Windows 7 only)
WINKEY + LEFT ARROWShrinks the window to 1/2 screen on the left side for side by side viewing. (Windows 7 only)
WINKEY + RIGHT ARROWShrinks the window to 1/2 screen on the right side for side by side viewing. (Windows 7 only)
WINKEY + UP ARROWWhen in the side by side viewing mode, this shortcut takes the screen back to full size. (Windows 7 only)
WINKEY + DOWN ARROWMinimizes the screen.  Also, when in the side by side viewing mode, this shortcut takes the screen back to a minimized size. (Windows 7 only)

Friday, December 2, 2011

Image File extensions

Common image file extensions can be downloaded from here. Please click following link to view the file.

Click to View File

vi Commands

vi is a Visual Editor (hence the name -- vi for VIsual). vi is a widely-used and popular UNIX-based text editor. Like most UNIX system interfaces and other text editors, it lets you control the system by using the keyboard rather than a combination of mouse selections and keystrokes.

Edit a File
Edit a file from command prompt vi
Edit a file from command prompt for reading only vi -R
Edit a file from within vi :e
Edit a new file from within vi, discard changes to current file :e!
Reload current file, discarding changes :e!
Go forwards a page Ctrl+F (or PgDn)
Go backwards a page Ctrl+B (or PgUp)
Move around single lines or characters Arrow keys
Save changes :w
Save changes and override protected (read-only) files :w!
Save changes and exit vi ZZ
Quit :q
Quit and discard changes :q!
Get general help :help
Get help on a command (eg. :set) :help set
Go to lines, find matching text 
Go to line 1234 (do not see typing) 1234G
Go to line 1234 (see typing) :1234
Go to start of file 1G
Go to end of file G
Find (forwards) a line containing "swordfish" /swordfish
Find (forwards) a line using a regular expression /you see .* here
Repeat last search n
Repeat last search in opposite direction N
Find (backwards) a line containing "swordfish" ?swordfish
Find (backwards) a line using a regular expression ?you see .* here
Search case insensitive (Ignore Case) :set ic
Search with case sensitivity :set noic
Wrap searches back to start of file :set wrapscan
Do not wrap searches :set nowrapscan
Insert Text
Insert after cursor i
Insert before cursor a
Insert at beginning of line I
Insert at end of line (append) A
Open (start) new line below cursor o
Open (start) new line above cursor O
Advance Deletion
Delete next 5 lines 5dd
Delete to end of line d$
Delete to start of line d0
Delete to word "swordfish" d/swordfish
Delete to the letter "x" dfx
Delete lines 10 to 20 :10,20d
Delete current line and another 5 lines :.,+5d
Delete all lines :%d
Delete current word dw
Find line containing pattern, delete it :/pattern/d
Find line containing "dog", delete until line containing "cat" :/dog/,/cat/d
Delete from current line to line containing "foo" :.,/foo/d